LOVE or the Library Of Volcanic Eruptions + Riddles

My modest geological library... I also have a decent collection of Spanish history, Russian literature, art, backgammon,science fiction and other interesting tomes... Lizzie doesn't mind too much :)

My modest geological library… I also have a decent collection of Spanish history, Russian literature, art, backgammon,science fiction and other interesting tomes… Lizzie doesn’t mind too much 🙂

As part of our ongoing re-vamp, we are once again asking for contributions from the crowd… Below you will find recommendations for all kinds of volcanic bedtime reading, from hard science to human perspectives… Please post your own favourites in the comments and you will be edited into the LOVE as soon as possible… If any professionals are reading this; please don’t be shy about recommending your own work… 🙂

But why would anyone need books (even ebooks) in this day and age, I hear you cry! See Talla’s wonderful article:

https://volcanocafe.wordpress.com/2012/10/08/serendipity-finding-volcanic-accounts-in-unexpected-places/

And Sissel’s charming book review:

https://volcanocafe.wordpress.com/2011/12/13/the-little-prince/

Books are catalogued according to the Schtevie Schystem and may appear under multiple headings. For example, Nyiragongo: The Forbidden Volcano by Haroun Tazieff is listed by Region, in the Specific Volcano section and in the Biographical list. Within each section/subsection books are listed (mostly) alphabetically by the main author’s surname. There is a general Geology/ Petrology category for texts which don’t “fit” elsewhere.

Where available, a short note from the person who recommended the book is given, but only alongside the book’s primary entry in the lists.

Links are (mostly) not provided due to the potential spam deluge this would cause… The listings are reasonably optimized for googling; so copy/pasting the author, title and (where given) the international standard book number (ISBN) into yr search engine should get you where you want to go…Leaving out the ISBN will give a broader search; finding (if there are any) different editions/formats.

One final point, if you decide to buy any of the books; especially the academic stuff, it it well worth checking the prices in the USA, my secondhand copy of Encyclopedia of Volcanoes was 1/3 of the UK price! There was a 6 week wait though…

Absolute Beginners

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volcano

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plate_tectonics

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crust_%28geology%29

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tectonic_plate_interactions

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hotspot_%28geology%29

(Geolurking: These should get you up to speed; ready to tackle the books listed below.)

John Farndon. “How the Earth Works.” ISBN 0863188311 (Schteve: Aimed at kids; experiments you can try at home, not specifically about geology.)

GL Edit: …is that a slam? If so, well played! 😀

Encyclopedias and Overviews

Jellee Zeilinga de Boer and Donald Theodore Sanders. “Volcanoes in Human History: the far-Reaching Effects of Major Eruptions.” ISBN 0691118388 (Carl: I was reading this earlier today and learned that there is sulphate band in the Greenlandic Icecores from 53BC (circa) that apparantly originates from Iceland and is twice as big as the sulphate band left by Laki. So, it seems like we have a hunt on our hands, who is the culprit of this massive eruption? Is it really an Icelandic volcano?

Richard V. Fisher and Hans- Ulrich Schmincke. “Pyroclastic Rocks and Tectonic Environment.” ISBN 3540513414

Richard Fortey. “Earth: An Intimate History.” ISBN 0375406263 (Schteve: This is a history of geology and how the science developed, beautifully written.)

Peter Francis and Clive Oppenheimer “Volcanoes second edition.” ISBN 0199254699 (Lucas: Highly respected.”

Alexander E. Gates and David Ritchie. “Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes. (3rd ed.)” ISBN 0816063028 (Schteve: Carl has this ‘n!)

Kearey, Klepeis, and Vine. “Global Tectonics (3rd ed.)” ISBN 1405107778 (Geolurking: THE best reference I have found for the mechanics of it all.)

John P. Lockwood and Richard W. Hazlett. “Volcanoes: Global Perspectives.” ISBN 1405162494 (Erik Klemmeti: Coursebook for undergraduates.)

James F. Luhr et al. “Earth.” ISBN 1405307056 (Schteve: This is from Dorling Kindersley and is more geographical than geological, a good, broad overview of the Earth’s systems.)

G. A. Macdonald. “Volcanoes.” (Alan C: Good reading.)

Clive Oppenheimer. “Eruptions that Shook the World.” ISBN 0521641128 (On the Fringe: After reading his interview on “Eruptions” I got hold of this book which, despite the off-puttingly “commercial” title, certainly helped the transition from what I knew/thought I knew and understood to the unknown; in my case the composition of magma and volcanic gasses comes top of this list).

Rolf Schick. “The Little book of Earthquakes and Volcanoes.” ISBN 038795287x (Schteve: Since Lizzie made me tidy the clunkputer corner 🙂 this is the one I keep to hand; surprisingly good for a schtocking filler.)

Hans- Ulrich Schmincke. “Volcanism.” ISBN 3540436502 ( Inge B: I know the German version and found it very helpful – if you know a little bit about the subject before.)

Lee Siebert, Tom Simkin and Paul Kimberly. “Volcanoes of the World 3rd ed” ISBN 0520947932

Haraldur Sigurdsson et al. “Encyclopedia of Volcanoes.” ISBN 012643140X (Schteve: This is actually designed to be read cover to cover; which would get you very nearly up to speed, so is not laid out like a traditional encyclopedia. There is very good coverage of all major topics, it’s not so good if you want information on a specific volcano/ event.)

General Geology

Alan C (where are you?) suggested most of these; the ratings and comments (unless otherwise stated) are also his:

Please remember these are from my bookshelves, and are my old texts from student days (late 60s – early 70s.)
(B) Basic (to A Level); (I) Intermediate (A Level+); (A/A+) BSc(+)

Minerology

H. H. Read. “Rutley’s Elements of Mineralogy (25th ed.)” (B-I)

Annibale Mottana, Rodolfo Crespi and Giuseppe Liborio. “The Macdonald Encyclopedia of Rocks & Minerals.” ISBN 0356091473 (Edward Lane: I was quite impressed with this; as it seems to have most of the stuff you might find in Rutley’s, but also has a nice colour picture of each of the minerals/rocks it lists.”

Deer, Howie and Zussman. “Introduction to the Rock Forming Minerals.” (A)

“Dana’s Manual of Mineralogy (18th ed.)” (A – A+)

W. H. Ford. “Dana’s Textbook of Mineralogy (4th ed.)” (A+) (To me irreplaceable!!)

Petrology

Williams, Turner and Gilbert. “Petrography: Introduction to the Study of Thin Sections.” (I-A) (Old but good still.)

Hatch, Wells and Wells. “Petrology of Igneous Rocks.” (A)

Turner and Verhoogen. “Igneous & Metamorphic Petrology.” (Very A+)

A. Harker. “Metamorphism: A Study of Transformation of Rock Masses.” (A)

A. Miyashiro. “Metamorphism and Metamorphic Belts.” (A – A+)

H.G.F. Winkler. “Petrogenesis of the Metamorphic Rocks.” (A+)

G. A. Macdonald. “Volcanoes.” (I+ – A-)

Structural

Cox. “Plate tectonics and Geomagnetic Reversals.” (A – A+)

Richard V. Fisher and Hans- Ulrich Schmincke. “Pyroclastic Rocks and Tectonic Environment.” ISBN 3540513414 (Lucas: I have not read it yet (would love to though) but I feel it should be included.)

E. Sherbon Hills. “Elements of Structural Geology.” (I)

Holmes. “Principles of Physical Geology.” (I) (Excellent background.)

Kearey, Klepis, and Vine. “Global Tectonics (3rd ed.)” ISBN 1405107778

Neville Price. “Fault and Joint Development in Brittle & Semi-brittle Rock.” (A)

General/ Basic Background

Ronald Bonewitz. “Rocks and Minerals: The Definitive Visual Guide.” ISBN  1405328312 (Karenz:)

Rudolf Duda and Lubos Rejl. “Rocks & Minerals of the World.” ISBN 1840560258 (Coffee Table – large format, beautiful mineral photos.)

A.K. Wells. “Outline of Historical Geology.”

SImon Winchester. “The Map That Changed the World” ISBN 0670884073 (Schteve: The story of the first geological map and it’s creator; William Smith.)

Hazards

Russell J. Blong. “Volcanic Hazards.” ISBN 0121071804 (Lucas: I have not read it yet (would love to though) but I feel it should be included.)

Grant Heiken. “Dangerous Neighbours: volcanoes and cities.” ISBN 1107039230 (Schteve: A good introduction to volcanic hazards, risk management and mitigation. 67 cities of 100,000 or more people have active or potentially active volcanoes as neighbours…)

Monitoring

Richard S. Fiske and Tom Simpkin. “The Volcano Letter.” ISBN 0874748410 (Lucas: Great look back through the very beginnings of volcano monitoring.)

Vyacheslav M. Zobin.  “Introduction to Volcanic Seismology.” ISBN 044456375x

Regional

The Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes of the World published a number of important volumes from 1951- 2000, covering many of the major volcanic regions; see Lucas’ article:

https://volcanocafe.wordpress.com/2012/10/18/cavw-why-these-initials-are-so-important/

The list of publications is here:

https://volcanocafe.files.wordpress.com/2013/10/cavw-list.pdf

Africa

Haroun Tazieff. “Nyiragongo: The Forbidden Volcano.” ISBN 0304302295

Alan Robert Woolley. “Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.” ISBN 1862390835 (Edward Lane: Just thought I’d recommend this book I stumbled upon via google (it is about Africa only but is part 3 of a series so presumably there are more) and I think it’s probably pretty good if you’re looking for geological maps for Volcanism in Africa.)

Antarctica and the Far South

Wesley E. LeMasurier and Janet W. Thomson. “Volcanoes of the Antarctic plate and Southern Oceans.” ISBN 0875901727

America: Central/ South

Victoria Bruce. “No Apparent Danger.” ISBN 0060199202

Jeannie A. J. Scott. “The Santiaguito Volcanic Dome Complex, Guatemala.”

Stanley Williams. “Surviving Galeras.” ISBN 0316855707

America: North

James F. Luhr and Tom Simpkin. “Paricutin: The Volcano Born in a Mexican Cornfield.” ISBN 0945005113

Keith Heyer Meldahl. “Rough Hewn land: A geologic journey from California to the Rocky mountains.” ISBN 0520275775 (Mdatc: This book is packed with figures, information and geology. It is all written in layman’s’ terms, and covers the formation of the basin and range, the formation of the Rockies, and the geologic past before then. It is very informative, and I highly recommend it.)

Charles A. Wood and Jurgen Kienle. “Volcanoes of North America: The United States and Canada.” ISBN 0521364698 (Lucas: Definitive listing of all the volcanoes in the USA.)

Various authors. “The Roadside Geology Series.” (TGMcCoy: One of my own favorite series of books.)

Publishers website: http://mountain-press.com/series_detail.php?series_key=2 (Schteve note: They also do a series callled Geology Underfoot)

Antipodes

R. Wally Johnson, ‎Jan Knutson and ‎Stuart Ross Taylor.  “Intraplate Volcanism in Eastern Australia and New Zealand.” ISBN 0521380839 (Lucas: If you haven’t read it; I recommend that you do, it’s an amazing compilation.)

Robert Wallace Johnson. “Volcanism in Australasia.” ISBN 0444414625 (Lucas: A brilliant volume including papers from Indonesia to New Zealand, fascinating.)

Ian E. M. Smith. “Late Cenozoic Volcanism in New Zealand.” ISBN 0908654081 (Lucas: brilliant small copy of papers on New Zealand.)

Canary Islands

Juan Carlos Carracedo. “Canarian Volcanoes IV: La Palma, La Gomera, El Hierro.” ISBN 8472071902 (Schteve: This edition has Spanish and English text side by side and lots of great illustrations, in my opinion a great introduction to the Canary Islands Volcanoes.)

Juan Carlos Carracedo and Simon Day. “Canary Islands: Classic Geology in Europe 4.” ISBN 1903544075

Juan Carlos Carracedo and Valentin R. Troll. “Teide Volcano: Geology and Eruptions of a Highly Differentiated Oceanic Stratovolcano.” ISBN 3642258923

Don Andres Lorenzo Curbelo. “When the Volcanoes… Notes About the occurrences between the Years 1730 and 1736.” ISBN 8489023307

Europe

Alwyn Scarth and Jean- Claude Tanguy. “Volcanoes of Europe.” ISBN 0195217543

Iceland

Þorleifur Einarsson. “Geology of Iceland. Rocks and Landscape.” ISBN 9979306890

Gudmund Einarsson and Bjarni Kjartansson. “Heklugos 1947/ The Eruption of Hekla 1947.”

Ari Trausti Gudmundsson. “Living Earth: Outline of the Geology of Iceland.” ISBN 9979327774 (Inge B: Good introduction to the geology of Iceland.)

Kristján Sæmundsson and Einar Gunnlaugsson: “Icelandic Rocks and Minerals.” ISBN  9979321997

Ragnar Th. Sigurdsson. “Eyjafjallajokull Volcano in Iceland: A Book of Photographs.” ISBN 9979927518

Sigurdur Thorarinssson. ” Surtsey: the new island in the North Atlantic.” ISBN 0670684872

Sigurdur Thorarinssson. “Hekla: A Notorious Volcano.”

Sigurdur Thorarinsson. “The eruption of Hekla in historical times. Vol. 1: The eruption of Hekla 1947–48.”

http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=search-alias%3Daps&field-keywords=The+Eruption+of+Hekla+1947-1948

Thor Thordarson and Armann Hoskuldsson. “Iceland: Classic Geology in Europe 3.” ISBN 1903544068

Italy

William Hamilton. “Observations on Mount Vesuvius, Mount Etna, and Other Volcanoes.”

G.F. Rodwell. “Etna: a History of the Mountain and its Eruptions.” ISBN 1108028745

Kamchatka

S.A. Fedotov and Ye. K. Markhinin. “The Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption: Geological and Geophysical Data 1975- 1976.” ISBN 0521158893

Pacific Ocean

Russell J. Blong. “The Time of Darkness” ISBN 0295958804 (Lucas: Russell (a great guy if you ever talk to him) uses historical data and local legends to find the cause of the legends of a ‘time of darkness’ in Papua New Guinea.)

R. J. Bultitude. “Bagana volcano, Bougainville Island: geology, petrology, and summary of eruptive history between 1875 and 1975.”

Robert Wallace Johnson. “Cooke-Ravian Volume of Volcanological Papers.” ISBN 0644052341 (Lucas: A collection of papers on the volcanoes of Papua New Guinea from petrology to eruptive histories of volcanoes.)

Robert Wallace Johnson and N. A. Threllfall.“Volcano Town: the 1937- 43 eruptions at Rabaul.” ISBN 094926718X

Robert Wallace Johnson. “Volcanic systems of the Northeastern Gazelle Peninsula, Papua New Guinea: Synopsis, evaluation, and a model for Rabaul Volcano, Papua New Guinea.” ISBN 1921672897

Gordon Macdonald and Agatin T. Abbott. “Volcanoes in the Sea” ISBN 0788116509 (Doug Merson: about the geology of the Hawaiian islands)

M. A. Reynolds. “1953- 57 eruption of Tuluman volcano: rhyolitic volcanic activity in the northern Bismarck Sea.”

Simon Winchester. “Krakatoa.” ISBN 0670911267

Plotting

Nathaniel Bowditch. “The American Practical Navigator.” (Geolurking: You may find this odd. But when you start dealing with positions on the surface of the Earth how to cut a bearing any “by the seat of your pants” noodling though latitude-longitude info… hard core style. I highly recommend  “Bowditch” as an authoritative treatise.

This text is intended for seafaring navigators and captains and serves as a ready reference for all things nautical… when you are 2000 kilometers out to sea and don’t have a nearby library.

There is a lot of non Latitude Longitude stuff in it, but that section is by far the best collection of the formulas on how to deal with it.)

http://msi.nga.mil/NGAPortal/MSI.portal?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=msi_portal_page_62&pubCode=0002

Specific Volcanoes

Bagana

R. J. Bultitude. “Bagana volcano, Bougainville Island: geology, petrology, and summary of eruptive history between 1875 and 1975.” (Lucas: Summary of all known data about the unusual volcano of Bagana.)

Etna

William Hamilton. “Observations on Mount Vesuvius, Mount Etna, and Other Volcanoes.”

G.F. Rodwell. “Etna: a History of the Mountain and its Eruptions.” ISBN 1108028745 (Schteve: Published in 1878, this is more for literary than scientific interest, but there are beautiful illustrations and it’s well worth a read.)

Eyjafjallajokull

Ragnar Th. Sigurdsson. “Eyjafjallajokull Volcano in Iceland: a book of photographs.” ISBN  1903544068 (Jim Ludwell: I wouldn’t want to be in the vicinity when an Icelandic volcano starts chucking rocks…)

Galeras

Victoria Bruce. “No Apparent Danger.” ISBN 0060199202

Stanley Williams. “Surviving Galeras.” ISBN 0316855707

Hekla

Gudmund Einarsson and Bjarni Kjartansson. “Heklugos 1947/ The Eruption of Hekla 1947.” (Schteve note: Irpsit recommended “Hekla 1947” I think this is the one, please let me know if it’s not…)

Sigurdur Thorarinssson. “Hekla: A Notorious Volcano.” (Boris Behncke: Yep, Hekla is quite one fascinating volcano, and like many others, quite deceptive. Didn’t everybody believe that the interval between eruptions was 10 years and the next one thus “overdue”? Well, the 10-yr intervals worked fine after 1970, but before that, Hekla erupted once or twice per century. A must-read.)

Sigurdur Thorarinsson. “The eruption of Hekla in historical times. Vol. 1: The eruption of Hekla 1947–48.”

http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=search-alias%3Daps&field-keywords=The+Eruption+of+Hekla+1947-1948 (Boris Behncke: The book on Hekla’s historical eruptions. I guess some of you would like to have one of the other of these as a Christmas gift :-D )

Krakatoa

Simon Winchester. “Krakatoa.” ISBN 0670911267 (Schteve: Just bought this today, but if it’s as good as The Map that Changed the World, I will be well pleased.)

Mount Pelee

Gordon Thomas and Max Morgan Witts. “The Day the World Ended.” ISBN  0345018958.

Ernest Zebrowski. “The Last Days of St. Pierre.” ISBN 0813530415 (Sissel: These are not only about the volcano, but also about the authorities who had the power to make decisions.)

Nevada Del Ruiz

Victoria Bruce. “No Apparent Danger.” ISBN 0060199202

Nyiragongo

Haroun Tazieff. “Nyiragongo: The Forbidden Volcano.” ISBN 0304302295 (Schteve: The authorities wouldn’t give him permission to study the volcano; so he went anyway… A story of sheer bloody-mindedness and a magnificent volcano, lavishly illustrated.)

Paricutin

James F. Luhr and Tom Simpkin. “Paricutin: The Volcano Born in a Mexican Cornfield.” ISBN 0945005113 (Lucas: Wonderful analysis of this remarkable eruption, including month by month notes on the eruption.)

Rabaul

Robert Wallace Johnson and N. A. Threllfall.“Volcano Town: the 1937- 43 eruptions at Rabaul.” ISBN 094926718X (Lucas: Coming tomorrow!)

Robert Wallace Johnson. “Volcanic systems of the Northeastern Gazelle Peninsula, Papua New Guinea: Synopsis, evaluation, and a model for Rabaul Volcano, Papua New Guinea.” ISBN 1921672897 (Lucas: Summary of all the known data about Rabaul and surrounding volcanoes, the magma supply section is interesting. Rumours are a larger volume of papers is in prep, you heard it here first.)

Santiaguito

Jeannie A. J. Scott. “The Santiaguito Volcanic Dome Complex, Guatemala.” (Erik Klemmeti: via twitter!) https://vhub.org/resources/2271/download/Santiaguito_-_booklet_.pdf

Surtsey

Sigurdur Thorarinssson. ” Surtsey: the new island in the North Atlantic.” ISBN 0670684872 (Carl: It was written during the eruption by the scientist in charge, it actually hit the bookshelves before the second eruption of Surtsey. Amazing details and the “be there” feeling.)

Good bibliography here:

http://www.surtsey.is/SRS_publ/WHL/surtsey%20bibliography.pdf

Teide

Juan Carlos Carracedo and Valentin R. Troll. “Teide Volcano: Geology and Eruptions of a Highly Differentiated Oceanic Stratovolcano.” ISBN 3642258923 (Schteve: A selection of scientific papers telling the story of Teide, I’m saving it for my next trip to Tenerife.)

Timanfaya

Don Andres Lorenzo Curbelo. “When the Volcanoes… Notes About the occurrences between the Years 1730 and 1736.” ISBN 8489023307 (Schteve: Eyewitness account from a priest stationed on Lanzarote.)

Tolbachik

S.A. Fedotov and Ye. K. Markhinin. “The Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption: Geological and Geophysical Data 1975- 1976.” ISBN 0521158893 (Lucas: It was made in the 1980′s. But has recently been updated last year.)

Tuluman

M. A. Reynolds. “1953- 57 eruption of Tuluman volcano: rhyolitic volcanic activity in the northern Bismarck Sea.” (Lucas: a remarkable rhyolitic eruption studied in detail.)

Vesuvio

William Hamilton. “Observations on Mount Vesuvius, Mount Etna, and Other Volcanoes.” (Schteve: Another historical curiosity, Hamilton was Ambassador to Naples at the time and his wife Emma  was Horatio Nelson’s mistress…)

Biographical

Victoria Bruce. “No Apparent Danger.” ISBN 0060199202 (Schteve: One from my Christmas schtocking, tells the story of the  Nevado Del Ruiz and Galeras tradgedies with emphasis on the human perspective. Gives a significantly different version of events at Galeras to Stanley Williams’.)

David W. Fisher. “Out of the Crater: Chronicles of a Volcanologist.” ISBN 0691002266 (Schteve: This guy was based at Los Alamos during his military service and became a volcanologist afterwards.)

Haroun Tazieff. “Nyiragongo: The Forbidden Volcano.” ISBN 0304302295

Stanley Williams. “Surviving Galeras.” ISBN 0316855707 (Schteve: A good telling of one side of a famous volcanic tragedy.)

Simon Winchester. “The Map That Changed the World.” ISBN 0670884073

Glossary

http://www.d.umn.edu/~rmorton/ronshome/Volcanology/VolcanicGlossary.htm

(UkViggen: I have this volcanic glossary bookmarked – a few years old now but helps with most of the terms.)

Travel Guides

Canary Islands

Charles Davis. “Walk La Gomera.” ISBN 1899554904

Charles Davis. “Walk La Palma.” ISBN 1904946687

David and Ros Brawn. “Walk Lanzarote.” ISBN 1904946533

David and Ros Brawn. “Walk Tenerife.” ISBN 1904946274 (Schteve: This series from http://www.dwgwalking.co.uk/ is by far the best on hiking in the Canaries, their maps are very good too.)

This list has not been copied from the Interwebnet, what you have here are personal suggestions from the Volcanocafe.

Eric Klemmeti made some recommendations on his blog a few years ago:

http://bigthink.com/eruptions/my-favorite-volcano-books

This is wikipedia’s attempt at a similar project:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Volcanoes/Bibliography

This’n lists all the books in the world:

http://www.worldcat.org/

Friday Volcanic Riddles

As Usual there are two points awarded before I append the clues, after that it will be 1 point per Riddle. This week there is a bonus point for riddle number 1, if you get the sought after volcanic peak (2pt) and the name of the volcanic complex (1pt) it belongs to, you will get a sum of 3 points.

The leader of the Gang is Evan Chugg who overtook Henrik and KarenZ last week.Riddle Image

  1. Image + surprised colloquial (1 Bonus point to Bobbi for Ale Bagu
    It is the highest volcano of Erta Ale Range, Afar Region, Ethiopia. It is after all a volcanoes that has had two Ales.) Clue! Both the content and the container are parts of the Riddle! Beer Huh? In a Glass… The answer was Beerwah in the Glass House Mountains.
  2. Mountainous nickname for the Normand’s going backwards Where did the Normands come from? The Normands came to England from Normandy during the was of 1066, they returned back to Normandy during an operation in another famous war at a very much later age. The name of the operation forms the name of the volcano… – Mount Overlod from Operation Overlord (Alison, 1pt)
  3. The aspiration of heavenly movement – Ascensión (Matt, 2pt)
  4. Involuntary acts with an apple Lingua Franca applies – Pomerape (Sa’Ke, 1pt)
  5. Amadean divertimento in E-flat major that sounds like it was for an organ – K252 Pipe, A famous Kimberlite in Canada. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote the Divertimento in E-flat Major, Köchel number 252 (Sissel, 2pt)

Score board:
7 Evan Chugg
6 Henrik
6 KarenZ
5 Harrie
5 Talla
4 Diana Barnes
4 Stephanie Alice Halford
3 Michael Ross
3 Shérine France
2 Alison
2 Lughduniense
2 Sa’Ke
2 Sissel
1 Cryphia
1 Edward

Schteve. Yr friendly Libraridragon x + CARL (The Riddler) + SPICA (Guglhupf)

Please note; comments are now closed, if you have any book recommendations, please add them to the comments here:

https://volcanocafe.wordpress.com/love-or-the-library-of-volcanic-eruptions/

357 thoughts on “LOVE or the Library Of Volcanic Eruptions + Riddles

  1. Seems like the eruption has hit the high point in regards of the volcanic tremor plot. If Etna follows the pattern of previous years she will start to relax in about an hour or so and we will soon see rapidly falling tremor.

  2. So i’ll just list my current ‘library’ of volcano books (most of these are around my interest in New Zealand – PNG part of the ring of fire). A couple of these I have stored on my computer, but most are not.

    Volcanoes of the World 3rd ed: the book is better than the website.
    Intraplate Volcanism in Eastern Australia and New Zealand
    The Volcano Letter: Great look back through the very beginnings of volcano monitoring.
    Paricutin: The Volcano Born in a Mexican Cornfield: Wonderful analysis of this remarkable eruption, including month by month notes on the eruption.
    Volcanoes of North America: definitive listing of all the volcanoes in the USA.
    Late Cenozoic Volcanism in New Zealand: brilliant small copy of papers on New Zealand.
    The Time of Darkness: Russel Blong (great guy is you ever talk to him) uses historical data and local legends to find the cause of the legends of a ‘time of darkness’ in Papua New Guinea.
    Volcanism in Australasia: brilliant volume including papers from Indonesia to New Zealand, fascinating.
    Cooke-Ravian Volume of Volcanological Papers: A collection of papers on the volcanoes of Papua New Guinea from petrology to eruptive histories of volcanoes.
    Bagana volcano, Bougainville Island: geology, petrology, and summary of eruptive history between 1875 and 1975: Summary of all known data about the unusual volcano of Bagana.
    1953-57 eruption of Tuluman volcano: rhyolitic volcanic activity in the northern Bismarck Sea: a remarkable rhyolitic eruption studied in detail.
    Volcano Town: coming tomorrow!
    Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Oceans
    Catalog of the Active Volcanoes of the World (New Zealand, Kermadec Tonga and Samoa, Melenasia)
    Volcanic systems of the Northeastern Gazelle Peninsula, Papua New Guinea: Synopsis, evaluation, and a model for Rabaul Volcano, Papua New Guinea: summary of all the known data about Rabaul and surrounding volcanoes, magma supply section is interesting. Rumours are a larger volume of papers is in prep, you heard it here first 🙂

  3. Two books which I have not read as of yet (would love to though) but feel should be included are Fisher and Schmincke’s books ‘Pyroclastic Rocks and Tectonic Enviroment’ and Blong’s ‘Volcanic Hazards’.

  4. Nautilus hasn’t been able to dive this morning due to rough seas. They hope to be able to dive this afternoon in the area of the Kahouanne Seamount, where there are 3 non-active submarine volcanoes. In the meantime, they are multi-beaming the area. Steve Carey is on board and thinks he spotted a pinnacle (spire) of about 100 meters. Could be interesting. Even if they are not in dive mode, it is very interesting to leave this window open and listen to the discussions and explanations. Just a few minutes ago, Steve Carey was discussing and explaining our favorite LaRestingas!

    http://www.nautiluslive.org/

  5. OT:
    My town holds it’s Halloween festivities on the last weekend before Halloween. A huge parade (87 years), crafts, food, children’s parade are on Saturday and the Trick or Treaters are on Friday night for 2 hours. I doled out 194 pieces of candy in those 2 hours. That equates to 1.62 pieces of candy every minute! I miss the good ‘ole days when you could give out popcorn balls, apples, home made cookies, etc. But the world being what it is, parents are afraid they might be laced with drugs, razor blades, poison, etc. Such a shame.

  6. Oh dear, this is SOOO very frustrating. Half of me wants to enjoy watching Etna and half of me is glued to weather stations that are forecasting a severe storm for Southern England with possible Hurricane force winds on Monday morning. I am totally split now, Etna or weather maps. I think the weather maps may win as I have spent all day repairing loose fencing, clearing the garden of any loose debris and buying, batteries for torches and making sure I have enough bread, milk and eggs for the next two days. Tomorrow will be just a normal gale force 9 gusting to force 10 but from midnight Sunday all hell COULD break loose and one the coast here we will catch the worst. Hope they get this wrong.

  7. There seems to be still new lava flowing ons Etna:

    So, is the lava coming down a valley in the left image from the NSE crater, and that running from the top in the right image from the NE crater? Or can that not be seen in the cams?

  8. Recently, Japan had another one of them earthquakes. This one was Mag 7.1 according to the USGS data.

    The interesting part about this one, is that it occured on the Pacific Plate side of the subduction zone. The previous one… a 9.0 (9.1?) happened on the other side of the subduction zone fault in the accretionary lens. That particular feature is prone to warping and when the confined section slips, the whole warped section springs forward, releasing quite a bit more energy that would ordinarily be expected. When this happened (the 9.0) it lofted enough water to equal the entire above water volume of island of El Hierro…. or about twice that. This massive dome of water then propagated out as a planar wave, loosing very little if any energy from the shock wave. The surface manifestation (down on the seafloor) probably was lifted by about 5.89 meters max. (derived using Wells-Coppersmith).

    On the other hand, the most recent quake was about 7.1, and probably had a surface manifestation (again, down on the seafloor) of about 1.66 meters.

    The problematic issue, is that TEPCO had recently announced that they were ready to begin moving about 400 tons of damaged reactor core material. Having quakes of that size popping off while you are moving really nasty stuff should raise a bit of concern for them. It would be a vexing problem having that sort of thing on the back of a truck or dangling from a crane when a quake hits…

    A 7.1 at 320 km still yields about MMI 5.8 in the vicinity of the Fukashima site.

      • Oops – wrong link. This is the correct one.

        http://tinypic.com/view.php?pic=2yy5ilu&s=5

        Right clicking the image and selecting “view image” will give you a direct link to it without the other superfluous coding. It won’t do the embed, but those are what I used to get the direct picture. That’s just something I have been doing while waiting on the Brats to get done. It also pisses off the dogs because they know that I’m doing something with meat, and they want to be a part of that.

          • The neighbors dog has discovered me. Now I’m getting distant warning barks. Its a sort of small bull dog, so the barks are punctuated by what sounds like asthma.

            These two rat dogs seem unimpressed, but the half chihuahua decided to return the bark. He did that the other night in the bedroom and scared the crap out of me. I wound up exploring my own house with a shotgun since something was making him alert like that. All I found was a dishwasher going through it’s cycle.

  9. “Most of the bubbles are circular, and what that means is that the magma was sheared when they formed”

    i.e. the magma wasn’t under a lot of shear stress, which is what you get when it is flowing down a channel.

  10. When asked about the probable make up of the magma, “Steve” speculates that due to the size of the bubbles, it was probably a low viscosity type…probably basalt. Definitely not andesite based on it’s appearance.

  11. Lurking, if you are watching, and have the quad screen up, do you see the lady with the camera taking pictures in the control room? National Geographic is on board.

    • Very cool stuff today,people. I spent the PM working on my wife’s reading light. cobbled together two different lamps, plugged it in and BANG! the bulb
      blew. fortunate in the fact it was a satanic wattage incandescent rather
      than the mercury filled curlicue one. Took lamp apart, nothing in the switch.
      put lamp back together. plugged in and no bang. Must’ve been the bulb..
      Sore leg now up and wrapped in heat pad. springer out from under the bed.
      wife making a supper of Dinty Moore and breadsticks. As right with the world as it can get…

      • When they finish this area, they are heading to the area where they think there is a very tall spire. Hope your leg is feeling better.

  12. Norwegian hunter misses moose, shoots man on toilet


    OSLO — A Norwegian hunter took aim at a moose, but missed and accidentally hit a man sitting on the toilet in a nearby cabin on Thursday, police said.



    The moose escaped unscathed.

    FYI… a Moose is not a small target.

    http://news.msn.com/world/norwegian-hunter-misses-moose-shoots-man-on-toilet


    Meanwhile, in Georgia (the US state, not the country)

    Man enters burning house to rescue beer

    “Serpit managed to save several cans of beer and he escaped the home without getting burned.”

    • the snippet that catches the eye from that link is “This model while speculative has critical hazards implications since it suggests that calderas with no seismically visible blobs of melt could generate large eruptive volumes in relatively short timescales.”

    • I hadn’t heard about it; that is quite schpectacular 🙂
      I hope you don’t mind if I deconstruct this article for anti- scaremongering purposes.
      This is a tin foil hatter site (they actually call themselves a ministry!!!) and while reporting the facts they are putting their own semi- subtle spin on what happened…
      The scientists knew there was fault, just not exactly where… So not a “new” fault at all.
      The headline ought to read: Large earthquake pinpoints long suspected fault.
      The Philippines are geologically unstable, and I doubt this kind of thing is entirely uncommon…
      Now they know where it is they will evaluate and mitigate the risks. The Philippine authorities are very good at that…

    • Nice!

      Here is the USGS event page http://comcat.cr.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/usb000kdb4#scientific

      Normal mode faulting. From the news article:
      “The rock face, about three meters high and two kilometers long, raised fears among villagers that more cracks would appear on the ground and swallow them up.”

      Using Wells-Coppersmith, the max displacement for a Mag 7.2 Normal mode quake is 3.22 meters, with an average displacent of 1.22 meters.

      Additionally, from the news article: “Geologists found a 5-kilometer surface rupture that extended from barangay Anonang in Inabanga town to barangay New Anonang in Buenavista town.” When looked at in detail, they may find manifestations of this for a much further distance, the Wells-Coppersmith equations yield and estimated of 38.90 km for this size quake.

      And, from a simbiotic point of view… another toilet is involved. “The emerging wall of rock and earth missed by a hairline the toilet of baker Menecia Bautista Aparecio

      The Wells-Coppersmith document: New Empirical Relationships among Magnitude, Rupture Length,
      Rupture Width, Rupture Area, and Surface Displacement

  13. Update on the basalt balloons from Nautilus last night. Now they are thinking that these depressions on the rocks might be the result of “weathering”. That brings up a whole new bag of questions. Could they have once been on land and then dropped 600 meters? Or is there an unknown process? Currents are pretty much non-existent where these rocks were found.

  14. I love evil riddles. Carl did a very good job again this week!
    Here is a try on nr. 4, “Involuntary acts with an apple”: Knocknagapple (!!)
    Do not want a tree with those 🙂
    It is said to be a 468 m high mountain peak near Killorglin, Kerry, Ireland.
    Not sure about the Lingua Franca, though.

    • Thought Carl had gone truly obscure for a minute there – I was going for mount fable as the answer (F – assuming this was the shortest linguafranca option, +apple in danish – because who doesn’t like an apple danish)
      gives
      F+æble and Mount Fable part of the Fairholme Range in the canadian rockies apparently – so I thought given there was igneous rock in the american rockies I might have a chance – but nope – the canadian rockies are are apparently shale and limestone not igneous 😦

      • So good to hear there are more people struggling with this! Now I think “Involuntary acts” means something like a reflex, spasm or convulsion – you do not do it voluntarly.
        Found “Kuh-e Malus” in Iran and that that might be interesting as kuh-e sounds a little like coughing (kuchen in Dutch) and Malus is apple in Latin. But this mountain does not seem to be volcanic either 😦

  15. I think I might have No. 4:
    Pomerape, stratovolcano in Northern Chile. Pome (from pomme=apple in French)+rape as an unvoluntary act. What it is indeed.

  16. No. 1 If that container (as well as the content) is a Pint, than we have
    Pinta = Pint+Ah! on the Galapagos Ilsands, or
    Pinto = Pint+Oh! in Mexico and Indonesia

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s